This tutorial shows the most basic way of packaging a simple already-compiled program.
- Decide on the name of your package. Standard debian notation is all lowercase in the following format:
<project>_<major version>.<minor version>-<package revision>
For example, you could name your first package…
- Create a directory to make your package in. The name should be the same as the package name.
- Pretend that the packaging directory is actually the root of the file system. Put the files of your program where they would be installed to on a system.
mkdir helloworld_1.0-1/usr mkdir helloworld_1.0-1/usr/local mkdir helloworld_1.0-1/usr/local/bin cp "~/Projects/Hello World/helloworld" helloworld_1.0-1/usr/local/bin
- Now create a special metadata file with which the package manager will install your program…
mkdir helloworld_1.0-1/DEBIAN gedit helloworld_1.0-1/DEBIAN/control
Put something like this in that file…Code:
Package: helloworld Version: 1.0-1 Section: base Priority: optional Architecture: i386 Depends: libsomethingorrather (>= 1.2.13), anotherDependency (>= 1.2.6) Maintainer: Your Name <email@example.com> Description: Hello World When you need some sunshine, just run this small program!
(the space before each line in the description is important)
- Now you just need to make the package:
fakeroot dpkg-deb --build helloworld_1.0-1